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The Immigration Service in the unique authority for entry, residence, settlement and expulsion of foreign nationals. In case a visa application is rejected, the refusal notification gives detailed information on the refusal grounds. It also explains the procedure to appeal to the decision.
The appeal procedure is done before the Conseil du Contentieux des étrangers or Raad voor Vreemdelingenbetwistingen by lodging (registered post) an appeal to have the decision suspended and/or annulled. The action must be brought within 30 days of the contested decision being announced.
The embassy cannot comment on the refusal grounds and cannot receive arguments or supplementary documents to revert the decision.
The applicant may decide to appeal to the decision, or he may decide to introduce a new application making sure to present a complete file that deals with the reasons for refusal.